A Federal Criminal Court judge must be compensated for the legal fees that she incurred following the publication of a supervisory report by the Federal Supreme Court and statements made by its President. This decision was made by the Federal Administrative Court.
From the beginning of 2020, the Administrative Commission (AC) of the Federal Supreme Court conducted supervisory proceedings regarding incidents at the Federal Criminal Court (FCC), in the course of which several Federal Criminal Court judges – including the appellant – were questioned. Following the publication of the supervisory report, unfounded accusations that the judge had breached her duty of confidentiality were made in the media. Shortly afterwards, the same judge was once again thrust into the media spotlight following comments made about her by the former President of the Federal Supreme Court.
Invocation of duty of care
The judge requested that the AC of the Federal Criminal Court cover the costs for appointing an external lawyer specialising in media law. Her grounds for seeking professional counsel included the considerable strain on and threat to her authority as a judge, as well as the need to protect both her reputation and that of the Federal Criminal Court.
Article 77 of the Federal Personnel Ordinance (FPersO) stipulates that procedural costs and other legal fees may be reimbursed if employees of the Federal Government are involved in civil or criminal proceedings in the performance of their duties. The AC of the FCC rejected the judge’s request on the grounds that it did not meet these requirements in this instance. The judge subsequently lodged an appeal against this decision with the Federal Administrative Court (FAC). She did not invoke the FPersO in her appeal; rather, she cited her employer's duty of care (Art. 328, Code of Obligations – CO).
Judge entitled to reimbursement
In its judgment, the FAC finds that the legal duty of care also applies to judges. All employers, i.e. including the Federal Criminal Court, have an obligation to protect the personal and professional integrity as well as the position and reputation of their employees. Employees likewise have an obligation of loyalty towards their employer.
The Federal Administrative Court therefore rules that the appellant is, in principle, entitled to the reimbursement of the legal fees that were incurred in the protection of her personal rights. The request for these costs to be covered must also be granted because of the unfounded nature of the public accusation that the judge had breached her obligation of confidentiality, which referred to her by name. The FAC consequently upholds the appeal and reverses the rulings made by the FCC. The FCC will have to evaluate the actual scope of the reimbursement in subsequent proceedings.
This judgment may be appealed to the Federal Supreme Court.