Division I is responsible for state liability and recourse, federal employment and data protection.
In addition, it handles matters pertaining to Switzerland's two federal institutes of technology, fitness and sports, the armed forces, civil protection and war materials. Other areas include customs duties, taxation, alcohol, preservation of nature and habitats, footpaths and hiking trails, spatial planning and expropriation. Division I is also responsible for infrastructure projects, water rights, national roads, energy, traffic and transport, protection of the environment and water resources, post and telecommunications, radio and television, forests and hunting.
Division I supervises the activities of the thirteen federal compulsory purchase commissions (FCPCs) as well as their chairpersons. FCPCs are responsible for performing appraisals within the framework of expropriations. It also deals with authorization procedures in agreement with the Federal Act on the Intelligence (ISA). As a rule, judgments rendered by Division I may be appealed before the Federal Supreme Court (FSC).